Chiral Algebras, Localization and Surface Defects
Authors: Yiwen Pan and Wolfger Peelaers.
Preprint Number: UUITP-34/17.
Abstract: Four-dimensional N = 2 superconformal quantum field theories contain a subsector carrying the structure of a chiral algebra. Using localization techniques, we show for the free hypermultiplet that this structure can be obtained directly from the path integral on the four-sphere. We extend the localization computation to include supersymmetric surface defects described by a generic 4d/2d coupled system. The presence of a defect corresponds to considering a module of the chiral algebra: our results provide a calculational window into its structure constants.