Wilson loops in antisymmetric representations from localization in supersymmetric gauge theories

2017-12-19

Authors: J. Russo and K. Zarembo

Preprint number: UUITP-50/17

Large-N phase transitions occurring in massive N=2 theories can be probed by Wilson loops in large antisymmetric representations. The logarithm of the Wilson loop is effectively described by the free energy of a Fermi distribution and exhibits second-order phase transitions (discontinuities in the second derivatives) as the size of representation varies. We illustrate the general features of antisymmetric Wilson loops on a number of examples where the phase transitions are known to occur: N=2 SQCD with various mass arrangements and N=2* theory. As a byproduct we solve planar N=2 SQCD  with three independent mass parameters, m, M, Lambda. This model has two effective mass scales and   undergoes two phase transitions.