Institutionen för fysik och astronomi

Nordita-Uppsala samtliga seminarier

Möten orgniseras varje månad (oftast den sista veckan i varje månad) omväxlande i Uppsala och Stockholm. När mötet hålls i Uppsala, sker det på onsdagar men, när den hålls i Stockholm flyttas det  på måndagar istället, det vill säga i enlighet med respektive lokala scheman. Detta möte kan kombineras med en kort informella presentation av en lokal talare. Lunch serveras vanligtvis klockan 12:30.

(1) Intersecting surface defects, instantons and 2d CFT, (2) Yang-Mills origin of gravitational symmetries

Speaker:  (1) Yiwen Pan, (2) Leron Borsten
Department: (1) Uppsala, (2) Dublin
Time: 2017-04-10 (1) 11:30 - 12:00, (2) 13:15 - 14:15
Location: Nordita

Abstract: (1) we will introduce and study the intersection of multiple codimension two defects in 4d N=2 (and 5d N=1) gauge theories. These defects can be understood as 4d-2d-0d or 5d-3d-1d coupled systems. On the one hand, they naturally arise in the gauge theoretic operation called Higgsing, and on the other hand, they have 2d CFT interpretation via degeneration of the AGT correspondence. We will compute the partition functions of intersecting defects via the Higgsing procedure. We then discuss their exact relations to Liouville/Toda correlation functions with degenerate insertions. We will also present new Seiberg-like dualities between two simplest intersecting defect systems.

(2) A recurring theme in the attempts of understanding the quantum theory of gravity is the idea of “gravity as the square of Yang-Mills”. This involves the tensoring of the multiplet content of two super-Yang-Mills theories to obtain the multiplet content of a supergravity theory. A complete understanding of this correspondence requires studying how the gravitational symmetries originate from the corresponding Yang-Mills factors. In this talk I will show how both the global and local symmetries of linear supergravity arise from the corresponding super-Yang-Mills ones through a dictionary between both fields and transformation parameters. Finally, I will comment on how the dictionary seems to restrict the study of dynamics to particular gauge choices.

(1) Non-linear partially massless symmetry in an SO(1,5) continuation of conformal gravity, (2) The Nekrasov-Shatashvili Limit of the 5D Superconformal Index

Speaker:  (1) Luis Apolo, (2) Costis Papageorkakis
Department: (1) Nordita, (2) Queen Mary
Time: 2016-11-23 (1) 11:30 - 12:00, (2) 13:45 - 14:45
Location: A73121

Abstract: (1) Partially massless spin-2 fields in de Sitter space are characterized by a local symmetry that gauges away the helicity-0 mode of an otherwise massive graviton. Unlike massless or massive spin-2 fields, several ''no-go'' results exist that rule the existence of non-linear, interacting theories of partially massless fields. In this talk I will review some of these no-go results and describe a model that realizes the partially massless symmetry non-linearly.​

(2) I will motivate and introduce the Nekrasov-Shatashvili (NS) limit of the five-dimensional N=1 superconformal index. I will then summarise recent results of Cordova and Shao, who related the so-called Schur limit of the four-dimensional N=2 index to the BPS spectrum of 4D theories on the Coulomb branch. Finally, I will describe how the technology of Cordova-Shao can also reproduce the NS index in 5D for simple examples of U(1) theories. In this picture, the 5D instanton solitons are interpreted as additional flavour nodes to an associated 5D BPS quiver.

(1) Background constraints in the infinite tension limit of the heterotic string, (2) S-matrix bootstrap and QFT in AdS

Speaker:  (1) Thales Azevedo, (2) Jonathan Toledo
Department: (1) Uppsala, (2) EPFL
Time: 2016-10-24 (1) 11:30 - 12:00, (2) 13:15 - 14:15
Location: Nordita 132:028

Abstract: (1) Shortly after Mason & Skinner introduced the so-called Ambitwistor Strings, Berkovits came up with a pure-spinor analogue of the theory, which was later shown to provide the supersymmetric version of the Cachazo-He-Yuan amplitudes. In this talk, after briefly reviewing the infinite tension limit of the pure-spinor heterotic superstring in flat space, I will show how the model can be coupled to a general curved background, and then proceed to show that all the classical constraints on the supergravity and super Yang-Mills background superfields are elegantly obtained from the sole requirement that the BRST charge be nilpotent.

(2) We consider constraints on the S-matrix of any gapped, Lorentz invariant quantum field theory in 1+1 dimensions due to crossing symmetry and unitarity.  In this way we establish rigorous bounds on the cubic couplings of a given theory with a fixed mass spectrum. In special cases we identify interesting integrable theories saturating these bounds.  Our analytic bounds match precisely with numerical bounds obtained by considering massive QFT in an AdS box and studying the boundary correlators using the technology of the conformal bootstrap.  The methods can be generalized to QFT in higher dimensions and I will comment on work underway in 3+1 dimensions. Talk based on 1607.06109 and 1607.06110 with Miguel Paulos, Joao Penedones, Balt van Rees and Pedro Vieira.

Supergravity and the cosmological constant

Speaker:  Eric Bergshoeff
Department: Groningen University
Time: 2015-10-28 13:45 - 15:00
Location: Oseenska rummet (Å73121), Ångströmlaboratoriet

Abstract: I will discuss under which conditions a cosmological constant can be added to a given supergravity theory. In the case of a positive cosmological constant I will show how the results are related to brane supersymmetrty breaking using an anti-D3-brane.