Dissertation: Computational Insights into Atomic Scale Wear Processes in Cemented Carbides

  • Date:
  • Location: Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1 Polhemsalen and Zoom https://uu-se.zoom.us/j/63879007686
  • Doctoral student: Emil Edin
  • Contact person: Emil Edin
  • Disputation

As Ti-alloys become more and more utilized the need for efficient and robust manufacturing of Ti-alloy components increase in importance. Ti-alloys are more difficult to machine than e.g. steel, mainly due to their poor thermal conductivity leading to rapid tool wear. The atomic scale processes responsible for this wear is not well understood. Here the focus is turned to the effects of C diffusion out of the tools as a source of the observed wear. A combination of Density Functional Theory (DFT) making use of Harmonic Transition State Theory (HTST), classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) and kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) is used to investigate C diffusion into and within experimentally observed WC/W interfaces that exists as a consequence of the C depletion. Further, tools are built and used to evaluate interface parameters for large sets of interfaces within the WC/W system to determine which are energetically preferred. The results from the DFT study show stable interfaces with large differences in activation energy between the two most prominent surfaces found in WC materials, namely the basal and prismatic surfaces. Within the WC/W interfaces the diffusion barriers are similar between the two. The classical MD simulations support the view of stable interfaces at the early stages of C depletion. As C is removed this picture shifts to one in which the diffusion barriers are substantially decreased and the difference between the basal and the prismatic interfaces vanish pointing to a process which starts out slow but accelerates as C is continually removed. From the kMC simulations the overall diffusion pre-factor and activation energy is estimated to be D0=1.8x10-8 m2/s and dE=1.24 eV for the investigated [10-10]-I/[100] interface, the kMC simulations also confirm previous results indicating that the diffusion is restricted to the interface region. The investigation and screening of properties for WC/W interfaces show a preference for the W terminated [10-10]-I/[110] and [0001]/[110] interface combinations based on the interfacial energy.