Dissertation: X-ray spectroscopy on diatomic and cationic molecules

  • Date:
  • Location: Zoom https://uu-se.zoom.us/j/68471491793
  • Doctoral student: Ludvig Kjellsson
  • Contact person: Ludvig Kjellsson
  • Disputation

X-ray spectroscopy have been used to study the electronic structure of diatomic and cationic molecules. X-ray absorption spectra of the molecular cations N2+, O2+, and CO+ have been measured. The spectra are vibrationally resolved and are analyzed with theoretical and semi-empirical methods determining spectroscopic constants of core-excited states. Ionization of water have been studied by time resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The evolution of the absorption spectrum gives an estimate of the formation time of the aqueous hydroxyl radical and an estimate of the upper limit of the lifetime of H2O+. The aqueous hydroxyl radical has been studied by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering. The experiment is suggesting that the electronic structure of the OH-radical is not heavily affected upon solvation. Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering spectra at the π*-resonance of N2 have been recorded and are analyzed within the Kramers-Heisenberg framework, emphasizing the importance of lifetime-vibrational interference. The spectra of N2 show states populated by radiative electron rearrangement and due to their repulsiveness the features images the vibrational wavefunctions of the intermediate state.