Theoretical Physics Wednesday Seminar: Adrien Bouhon

  • Datum: –15.00
  • Plats: Ångströmlaboratoriet Å4101
  • Föreläsare: Adrien Bouhon
  • Kontaktperson: Vladimir Procházka
  • Seminarium

Non-Abelian Reciprocal Braiding of Weyl Nodes

Weyl points trapped within a C_2T-symmetric plane (C2 = 180 degrees rotation, and T = time reversal) possess non-Abelian topological charges on top of their chirality. E.g. three-level systems realize the quaternion group. This picture requires to go beyond the modeling of a band structure as a Grassmannian (where a single spectral gap is specified). The non-Abelian nature of Weyl points implies new types of obstruction, where, for instance, two Weyl points with opposite chiralities may not annihilate. Also, the non-Abelian charges can be converted through the braiding of Weyl points in momentum space. I will review three different yet equivalent ways of computing the non-Abelian charges: (i) as a non-cyclic phase defined from the parallel transport of the Hamiltonian along a base loop, (ii) as the Euler class of a two-band subspace over a patch bounded by the base loop, and (iii) as the winding number of the Pfaffian of the Wilsonnian Hamiltonian - of the two-band subspace - as the base loop flows over the patch.