Re-examining the stability of rotating horizonless black shells mimicking Kerr black holes


Authors: Ulf Danielsson, Suvendu Giri

Preprint number: UUITP-49/21

Abstract: In arXiv:1705.10172 a string theory inspired alternative to gravitational collapse was proposed, consisting of a bubble of AdS space made up of ingredients from string theory. These ultra compact objects are 9/8 times the size of the corresponding Schwarzschild black hole, but being within the photosphere are almost indistinguishable from them. Slowly rotating counterparts of these black shells were constructed in arXiv:1712.00511, which closely mimic a Kerr black hole, but have a quadrupole moment that differs from Kerr. Recently, arXiv:2109.09814 studied the dynamicalstability of the stationary black shells against radial perturbations and accretion of matter, andexamined a two parameter family of fluxes required for stability. In this paper, we re-examine therotating black shells with particular attention to the constraints imposed by this dynamical analysisfor non-rotating shells. Extrapolating these results to rotating shells, we find that they can indeedsupport themselves at a critical point in the gravitational potential. Additionally, requiring that theysettle back to their new Buchdahl radius after accreting matter, uniquely fixes the fluxes required fordynamical stability. The flux parameters turn out to have an extremely simple form, and fulfil oneof the constraints for perturbative radial stability while exactly saturating the other. The preferredquadrupole moment that we find, given some physical assumptions, is 7% less than Kerr.